Solar has been steadily gaining ground as a source of renewable energy across the world in recent years. The increasing need to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate the impact of climate change has led to a surge in the adoption of solar energy in different countries. Today, it is one of the fastest-growing sources of energy globally, and its adoption is projected to continue to increase in the coming years.
One of the reasons for the widespread adoption is its availability. It is abundant and accessible in most parts of the world. The sun’s energy can be harnessed through solar panels, which are becoming more affordable and efficient, making it an attractive option for homeowners, businesses, and governments. Additionally, it has a low environmental impact compared to fossil fuels, which makes it a sustainable source of energy.
In recent years, many countries have made significant inroads in the adoption of solar energy. For example, China is the world’s largest market, with over 200 gigawatts (GW) of installed solar capacity as of 2021. The United States follows closely, with over 100 GW of installed capacity. Other countries with significant capacity include Japan, Germany, India, Italy, Australia, and South Korea.
The increase in solar energy adoption has been driven by government policies, including subsidies, tax incentives, and feed-in tariffs. These policies have encouraged individuals and businesses to invest in it and have led to the development of large-scale projects. For example, in the United States, the Investment Tax Credit (ITC) has been instrumental in driving the growth of the solar industry by providing a 26% tax credit for solar projects.
Moreover, solar is increasingly becoming a cost-competitive source of energy. The cost of panels has been declining steadily over the past decade, making it an attractive option for households and businesses. The levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) for solar energy has dropped significantly, making it cost-competitive with traditional sources of energy like coal and natural gas. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the global weighted-average LCOE for utility-scale solar photovoltaics (PV) has decreased by 82% since 2010.
In conclusion, this source of energy is making significant inroads across the world. Its increasing adoption is driven by government policies, declining costs, and a need for sustainable and clean sources of energy. As technology continues to advance, solar energy is expected to become even more efficient and cost-competitive, making it an increasingly attractive option for individuals, businesses, and governments looking to reduce their carbon footprint and mitigate the impact of climate change.
Image credit: architecturaldigest.com